BASIC PRINCIPLES OF
Monitoring should aim to reinforce State responsibility to protect human rights — not
to replace this responsibility.
There are a number of basic principles of monitoring, which human rights officers
performing monitoring functions should keep in mind and respect at all times. They are
essential for the effective fulfilment of the monitoring mandate.
Human rights officers should not only observe developments, collect information, and
perceive patterns of conduct, but should identify problems, diagnose their causes, consider
potential solutions, and assist in problem solving.
1. This chapter identifies eighteen basic principles of monitoring which HROs should keep in mind as they pursue their monitoring functions as described in the following chapters, including information gathering, interviewing, visits to persons in detention, visits to internally displaced persons and/or refugees in camps, monitoring the return of refugees and/or internally displaced persons, trial observation, election observation, monitoring demonstrations, monitoring economic, social and cultural rights, monitoring during periods of armed conflict, verification and assessment of the information collected, and use of the information to address human rights problems.
improving the protection of
2. Monitoring is a method of improving the protection of human rights. The principal objective of human rights monitoring is to reinforce State responsibility to