The War in Europe:
The Turn of the Tide
In late 1942 the war began to favor the Allies. At the battle of Midway in June, the Americans finally halted the Japanese navy. Later in 1942 they undertook their first offensives in the Pacific and European theaters. They invaded Japanese-held Guadalcanal, beginning a prolonged battle for control of that strategic island. Meanwhile, British and American forces undertook campaigns to force the Axis from North Africa. Finally, on the Eastern Front, the German and Russian armies fought the decisive battle of Stalingrad.
In waging war against Germany, the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union were united only by their common enemy. They frequently debated over the methods they should use to defeat Germany. The Americans frequently were caught between conflicting Soviet and British strategic priorities. Military leaders at the time, and historians ever since, have questioned whether the resources of the Allies were used with full effectiveness as they took the initiative to defeat the Axis on land, sea, and in the air.