The Laws of Armed Conflicts: A Collection of Conventions, Resolutions, and Other Documents

By Dietrich Schindler; Jiri Toman | Go to book overview

No. 70
FINAL ACT OF THE INTERGOVERNMENTAL
CONFERENCE ON THE PROTECTION OF
CULTURAL PROPERTY IN THE EVENT OF
ARMED CONFLICT

Signed at The Hague, 14 May 1954

INTRODUCTORY NOTE: Following the signature of the Roerich Pact by the American States in 1935 (No. 69) attempts were undertaken to draft a more comprehensive convention for the protection of monuments and works of art in time of war. In 1939, a draft convention, elaborated under the auspices of the International Museums Office, was presented to governments by the Netherlands. On account of the outbreak of World War II no further steps could be taken. After the war, a new proposal was submitted to UNESCO by the Netherlands in 1948. The General Conference of UNESCO in 1951 decided to convene a committee of government experts to draft a convention. This committee met in 1952 and thereafter submitted its drafts to the General Conference. The revised drafts were then transmitted to governments for advice. The Intergovernmental Conference which adopted the Convention and the further acts (Nos. 71–73) took place at The Hague from 21 April to 14 May 1954 and 56 states were represented. The Final Act has no force of law.

AUTHENTIC TEXTS: English, French, Russian, Spanish. The text below is reprinted from Intergovernmental Conference on the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict, The Hague 1954, Records, The Government of the Netherlands, 1961, pp. 1–80.

TEXT PUBLISHED IN: (indications are given for the Final Act as well as for the Convention and Regulations, for the Protocol and for the Resolutions) (Nos. 44–7): Final Act of the Intergovernmental Conference on the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict, UNESCO, The Hague 1954, Final Act, pp. 3–5, Convention and Regulations, pp. 7–67, Protocol, pp. 69–77, Resolutions, pp. 79–83 (Engl., French, Russian, Span.); Intergovernmental Conference on the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict, Records, The Government of the Netherlands, 1961, The Hague, 1954, Final Act, pp. 2–3, Convention and Regulations, pp. 5–65, Protocol, pp. 67–75, Resolutions, pp. 77–81 (Engl., French, Russian, Span.); Conference intergouvernementale sur la protection des biens culturels en cas de conflit armé. Actes de la Conference convoquée par l'Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture, tenue à La Haye du 21 avril au 14 mai 1954, publiés par le Gouvernement des Pays-Bas, La Haye, Staatsdrukkerijen Uitgeverijbedrijf, 1961, Conventions et Règlement d'exécution, pp. 5–65, Protocole, pp. 67–75, Résolution, pp. 77–81 (Engl., French, Russ., Span.); Les textes normatifs de l'Unesco, Paris, Unesco, 1980, IV.A.3 (Convention and Regulations, Protocol, Resolutions), 34 p. (French); Unesco's Standard Setting Instruments, Paris, Unesco, 1980, IV.A.3 (Convention and Regulations, Protocol, Resolutions), 34 p. (Engl.); Conventions and Recommendations of

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