THE LAWS OF NAVAL WAR GOVERNING THE
RELATIONS BETWEEN BELLIGERENTS
Manual adopted by the Institute of International Law (Oxford Manual of Naval War) Adopted at Oxford, 9 August 1913
INTRODUCTORY NOTE: The Second International Peace Conference at The Hague expressed the wish “that the preparation of regulations relative to the laws and customs of naval war should figure in the programme of the next Conference”. This wish induced the Institute of International Law to appoint a committee in 1910 “to search and choose the studies which may be of the most utility for the preparation of the Peace Conference and organize their discussion by the Institute”. On the proposal of this committee it was decided to prepare regulations concerning the laws and customs of war at sea. A special committee, with Professor Fauchille as rapporteur, prepared a draft manual analogous to the Oxford Manual on Land Warfare of 1880 (No. 3). At its session in 1913, the Institute adopted the text below.
AUTHENTIC TEXT: French. The English translation below is reprinted from Scott, Resolutions of the Institute of International Law, pp. 174–201.
TEXT PUBLISHED IN: Annuaire de l'Institut de Droit international, Vol. 26 (1913), pp. 610–640; Résolutions de l'Institut de Droit international 1873–1956, pp. 231–258 (French); Scott, Resolutions of the Institute of International Law, pp. 174–201 (Engl.); Deltenre, pp. 667–715 (Engl., French, German, Dutch); Revue de droit international et de législation comparée (Bruxelles), Deuxième série, tome XV, 45e année, 1913, pp. 677–704 (French); RGDIP, tome XXI, 1914, pp. 87–103 (French); Droit des conflits armés, pp. 1179–1194 (French); Briceflo, pp. 242–263 (Span.); ICRC website: www.icrc.org/ihl.nsf (Engl., French).
|Section I.||On localities where hostilities may take place||1|
|Section II.||On the armed forces of belligerent States||2–13|
|Section III.||On means of injuring the enemy||14–30|
|Section Iv.||On the rights and duties of the belligerents with regard|
|to enemy property||31–54|
|Section V.||On the rights and duties of the belligerents with regard|
|Section VI.||On the rights and duties of the belligerents in|
|Section VII.||On conventions between belligerents||89–99|
|Section VIII. On the formalities of seizure and on prize procedure||100–115|
|Section IX.||On the end of hostilities||116|