The Laws of Armed Conflicts: A Collection of Conventions, Resolutions, and Other Documents

By Dietrich Schindler; Jiri Toman | Go to book overview

No. 94
DECLARATION ON THE RULES OF INTERNATIONAL
HUMANITARIAN LAW GOVERNING THE CONDUCT
OF HOSTILITIES IN NON-INTERNATIONAL ARMED
CONFLICTS

Adopted by the Council of the International Institute of Humanitarian Law at San Remo on 7 April 1990

INTRODUCTORY NOTE: Article 3 common to the four Geneva Conventions of 1949 (Nos. 49–52), and Protocol II of 1977 (No. 57), only marginally touch on the law governing the conduct of hostilities in non-international armed conflicts. The 14th Round Table of the San Remo Institute of Humanitarian Law, on 13–14 September 1989, examined the respective rules of international law. At the end of the session, the Round Table adopted conclusions and asked the Council to set them down in a more elaborate form. The Council, on 7 April 1990, approved conclusions and commentaries and adopted the Declaration reproduced below.

AUTHENTIC TEXTS: English, French. The text below is reproduced from International Review of the Red Cross, September-October 1990, No. 278, pp. 404–408. TEXT PUBLISHED IN: IRRC, September-October 1990, No. 278, pp. 404–408 (Engl.); RICR, september-october 1990, No. 785, pp. 438–442 (French); RICR (Span.), septiembre-octubre de 1990, No. 101, pp. 434–438 (Span.); International Institute of Humanitarian Law, Yearbook. 1989–1990, Milano, Giuffré Editore, 1992, pp. 441–445 (Engl.); Droit des conflits armés, pp. 1261–1264 (French).

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Articles
A. General rules governing the conduct of hostilities
applicable in non-international armed conflictsPart A
Distinction between combatants and civilians1
Immunity of the civilian population2
Prohibition of superfluous injury or unnecessary suffering3
Prohibition of perfidy4
Respect for and protection of medical and religious
personnel and of medical units and transports5
Prohibition of attacks on dwellings and other
installations used only by the civilian population6
Protection of objects indispensable to the survival of
the civilian population7
Precautionary measures in attack8
B. Prohibitions and restrictions on the use of certain
weapons in non-international armed conflictsPart II
Chemical and bacteriological weapons (1925 Protocol)1

-1195-

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