DECLARATION ON THE RULES OF INTERNATIONAL
HUMANITARIAN LAW GOVERNING THE CONDUCT
OF HOSTILITIES IN NON-INTERNATIONAL ARMED
Adopted by the Council of the International Institute of Humanitarian Law at San Remo on 7 April 1990
INTRODUCTORY NOTE: Article 3 common to the four Geneva Conventions of 1949 (Nos. 49–52), and Protocol II of 1977 (No. 57), only marginally touch on the law governing the conduct of hostilities in non-international armed conflicts. The 14th Round Table of the San Remo Institute of Humanitarian Law, on 13–14 September 1989, examined the respective rules of international law. At the end of the session, the Round Table adopted conclusions and asked the Council to set them down in a more elaborate form. The Council, on 7 April 1990, approved conclusions and commentaries and adopted the Declaration reproduced below.
AUTHENTIC TEXTS: English, French. The text below is reproduced from International Review of the Red Cross, September-October 1990, No. 278, pp. 404–408. TEXT PUBLISHED IN: IRRC, September-October 1990, No. 278, pp. 404–408 (Engl.); RICR, september-october 1990, No. 785, pp. 438–442 (French); RICR (Span.), septiembre-octubre de 1990, No. 101, pp. 434–438 (Span.); International Institute of Humanitarian Law, Yearbook. 1989–1990, Milano, Giuffré Editore, 1992, pp. 441–445 (Engl.); Droit des conflits armés, pp. 1261–1264 (French).
|A. General rules governing the conduct of hostilities|
|applicable in non-international armed conflicts||Part A|
|Distinction between combatants and civilians||1|
|Immunity of the civilian population||2|
|Prohibition of superfluous injury or unnecessary suffering||3|
|Prohibition of perfidy||4|
|Respect for and protection of medical and religious|
|personnel and of medical units and transports||5|
|Prohibition of attacks on dwellings and other|
|installations used only by the civilian population||6|
|Protection of objects indispensable to the survival of|
|the civilian population||7|
|Precautionary measures in attack||8|
|B. Prohibitions and restrictions on the use of certain|
|weapons in non-international armed conflicts||Part II|
|Chemical and bacteriological weapons (1925 Protocol)||1|
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Publication information: Book title: The Laws of Armed Conflicts: A Collection of Conventions, Resolutions, and Other Documents. Edition: 4th. Contributors: Dietrich Schindler - Editor, Jiri Toman - Editor. Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff. Place of publication: Boston. Publication year: 2004. Page number: 1195.
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