GLOSSARY

(Some items will be defined only in the second volume on the Psalms)


GENRES

ACCOUNT OF TROUBLE AND SALVATION (Bericht von Not und Rettung). An element in (→) thanksgiving song of the individual in which an afflicted person communicates an experience of deliverance to the guests invited to the thanksgiving service (Pss 30:7-13 “RSV 6-12”; 32:3-5; 116:3-4; Isa 38:10-16). This stereotyped narrative easily turns into (→) instruction or (→) exhortation (Pss 22:23-25 “RSV 22-24”; 30:5-6 “RSV 4-5”; 32:8-11). The ritual process of giving thanks thus centers on a liturgical exposition of salvific experience (Jonah 2:4-8 “RSV 3-7”; 1 Sam 2:4-8; Job 33:27-28).

J. Begrich, Der Psalm des Hiskia (FRLANT 25; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck, 1926).

ACCOUNT OF SALVATION. → Account of Trouble and Salvation.

ACROSTIC PSALM (Akrostischer Psalm). A song whose structure is guided by alphabetic considerations, with each unit (one-line. Psalms 111-112; two-line, Psalm 34; eight-line, Psalm 119) beginning with a successive letter of the Hebrew alphabet. The term “acrostic” is a mere technical, literary designation that does not imply a specific situation or use of the poem. Acrostics very probably were composed for and used in community worship (see Psalms 9/10; 25; 34; 37; 111-112; 119; 145). The alphabetic beginning served as an adornment of the liturgical text, which at the time already was written and read to the community.

D. N. Freedman, “Acrostic Poems in the Hebrew Bible,” CBQ 48 (1986) 40831; idem, “Acrostics and Meter in Hebrew Poetry, “HTR 65 (1972) 367-92; the studies of L. G. Perdue; H. Graf Reventlow; W. G. E. Watson cited in the listing at “Introduction to Cultic Poetry.”

ACCUSATION (Anklage). Discourse in court procedures, whether civil or criminal. The court was constituted by convocation of elders (chiefs of family; cf. Ruth 4:1-2). The roles of attorney and defense not being fixed, any member of the court could bring forth charges against the person under suspicion. In the Psalms we sometimes find imitations of this juridic genre (cf. Pss 50:16-21; 82:2-4; also Pss 4:3-5 “RSV 4-6”; 58:2-3 “RSV 3-4” → Contestation). Accusation leads to a verdict, which sometimes is anticipated in changing discourses.

H. J. Boecker, Redeformen (see listing at “Introduction to Psalms”).

-243-

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Psalms
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • The Forms of the Old Testament Literature i
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Abbreviations and Symbols vi
  • Editors' Foreword xi
  • Preface xv
  • Introduction to Cultic Poetry 1
  • Bibliography 2
  • Psalms 23
  • Chapter 1 - Introduction to Psalms 25
  • Chapter 2 - The Individual Units of Book 1 (Psalms 1-41) 40
  • Chapter 3 - The Individual Units of Book Two (Psalms 42-60) 178
  • Glossary 243
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