|1159||The Frankish Empire Western Europe in the Middle Ages|
|1165||Charlemagne Charles the Great, Ruler of the West|
|1177||The Western Empire Christendom as a Rule|
|1189||Feudalism A System of Lords and Serfs|
|1201||The Feudal Society The Structure of the Empire|
|1213||Early Medieval Politics Secular Rulers and Papal Power|
|1225||The Muslims Rule in Spain|
|1231||The Reconquista The Recovery of the West|
|1243||Byzantium The Christian Stronghold in the East|
|1255||The Middle Byzantine Empire Still the Center of the World|
|1267||The Crusades Wars in the Name of God|
|1289||Bibliography and Further Reading|
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Publication information: Book title: History of the Ancient and Medieval World. Volume: 9. Contributors: Henk Dijkstra - Editor. Publisher: Marshall Cavendish. Place of publication: New York. Publication year: 1996. Page number: 1157.
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