Leading Issues in Economic Development

By Gerald M. Meier; James E. Rauch | Go to book overview
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CHAPTER VIII
Income Distribution

Overview

Note VIII.1. Measurement of Income Inequality

EXHIBIT VIII.1. INCOME DISTRIBUTION AND INEQUALITY MEASURES

VIII.A. THE IMPACT OF DEVELOPMENT ON INCOME DISTRIBUTION

SELECTION VIII.A.1. ECONOMIC GROWTH AND INCOME INEQUALITY

SELECTION VIII.A.2. A NOTE ON THE U HYPOTHESIS RELATING INCOME
INEQUALITY AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

SELECTION VIII.A.3. ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, URBAN
UNDEREMPLOYMENT, AND INCOME INEQUALITY

Comment VIII.A.1. The Informal Sector, Intraurban Inequality, and the
Inverted U

SELECTION VIII.A.4. EXPLAINING INEQUALITY THE WORLD ROUND:
COHORT SIZE, KUZNETS CURVES, AND OPENNESS

Comment VIII.A.2. Evidence for the Inverted U Across Countries Versus
Within Countries over Time

VIII.B. THE IMPACT OF INCOME DISTRIBUTION ON DEVELOPMENT

SELECTION VIII.B.1. THE MIDDLE CLASS CONSENSUS AND ECONOMIC
DEVELOPMENT

SELECTION VIII.B.2. INCOME DISTRIBUTION, POLITICAL INSTABILITY,
AND INVESTMENT

VIII.C. CASE STUDIES

SELECTION VIII.C.1. RISING INEQUALITY IN CHINA, 1981–1995

SELECTION VIII.C.2. FALLING INEQUALITY IN RURAL INDONESIA,
1978–1993


Overview

This chapter begins with a Note that describes some of the problems involved in estimating the income distribution for a country and discusses the measures of inequality for a given distribution of income that are used in the subsequent selections. Exhibit VIII.1 presents income distribution data and three of the most commonly used inequality measures for all Human Development Index countries for which data are available.

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