Leading Issues in Economic Development

By Gerald M. Meier; James E. Rauch | Go to book overview

INDEX
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), 185; Africa, 65; crisis, 14; development, 235; drugs, 218, 219
Adverse selection, 221–22, 310, 426
Afghanistan, 92, 95, 279, 280, 281, 604
Africa: agriculture and, 101, 104; divergence and, 128; economic development in, 498; economic growth in, 62–71, 88–89, 90–91, 93, 95, 96, 97; education in, 191, 192; environment and, 594, 596; foreign aid to, 315–16; income inequality, 473; industrialization and, 101, 103; microfinance, 320; population, 245; rural-urban migration in, 336, 337; typology of development in, 146–50; unemployment in, 368; urbanization, 336. See also East Africa; North Africa; South Africa; Sub-Saharan Africa; West Africa
Agency theory, 408
Agricultural household models, 383, 428–30
Agricultural productivity, 32; comparative advantage, economic growth and, 111–13; economic growth and, 103–5; factoral terms of trade and, 103–5; high-human development countries, 386–87; induced innovation, 397–98; inequality and, 461; in Lewis model of world economy, 108–10; lowhuman development countries, 384; medium-human development countries, 384–86; scale effects, 407; soil, water and, 590–91; strategies for increasing, 396
Agriculture, 3, 381–431; in Africa, 68; bimodal strategy, 382, 394–96; commercial, 405–6; crop yields and, 389; design of developmental strategies for, 394–99; development strategies and, 382; division of world into industry and, 101–3; economic growth and, 85, 86, 87–88, 398–99; elasticity of demand for goods, 111–12, 112, 114; income distribution and, 398–99, 400, 446; in Indonesia, 481–88; in Krueger's trade model, 151–54; land reform effects and, 407–14; marketing and, 405; in New World, 119; policies for, 400–402; postwar yields of, 95, 389; pricing policy for, 383, 401–2, 430–31; productivity of, 381–82, 384–87, 388–91; supply elasticity of production, 430–31; in Taiwan, 395; unimodal strategy, 382, 394–96. See also Rural sector; Rural-urban divide; Rural-urban migration
Aguas Argentinas, 350
Ahluwalia, Montek, 178
AIDS. See Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)
Air quality, 589–90, 593
AK model, 154, 204, 297–99
Algeria, 91, 279, 280, 281
Amakudari, 546
Amazon Basin, 600
Argentina, 103, 121, 123, 231, 460; agriculture and, 112; capital flight from, 311; economic growth in, 90, 96, 98, 538; economic reforms in, 59; industrialization and, 102, 158; privatization in, 332; trade and, 170
Asia, 108; agriculture and, 101, 104; AIDS in, 231; economic growth in, 84, 88, 90, 97; education in, 259, 497; environment and, 594; industrialization and, 103; microfinance in, 320; population in, 248, 255; rural-urban migration in, 337; women in, 264, 265, 266, 276. See also East Asia; South Asia; Southeast Asia
Asian financial crisis, 41, 312
Assassinations, 523, 607
Australia, 92, 103, 105, 108, 109, 140, 159; income inequality in, 474; women in, 276
Automobile industry, 170, 565–66
Autonomy. See Embedded autonomy; State autonomy
Backwash, 102
Balanced growth, 73–74
Bangkok International Banking Facility, 313
Bangladesh, 140; economic growth in, 92; family planning programs in, 253; foreign direct investment and, 179; Grameen Bank of, 270, 320, 321–23, 324, 326, 328; infrastructure of, 497; microfinance in, 320–23, 324, 326; pollution abatement in, 612–13, 616–19; population in, 250, 251; technology transfer and, 172; women in, 267, 269, 270, 277, 278, 279, 280, 281, 282
Bangladesh Chemical Industries Corporation (BCIC), 616
Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee (BRAC), 270–72, 324, 328
Bank Kredit Desa (Indonesia), 323
Banks: capital account liberalization and, 312; central, 567; China, 50
Barbados, 119, 355
Basic indicators, 21–26, 64
BEFIEX program, 564–65
Belgium, 111
Belize, 121
Big push, 73
Bimodal agricultural strategy, 382, 394–96
Biodiversity, 590
Birth rates, 86, 356. See also Fertility rates
Black markets, 162, 492, 523, 524, 525, 526, 528; recent trends, 37, 39
Bolivia, 59, 120, 306; business startups in, 511; education in, 194, 197; export subsidies and, 560, 567–69; microfinance in, 320, 321, 322, 324, 326
Botswana, 231, 237; ethnic diversity in, 528; political system of, 470
Brazil, 234; AIDS, 231; colonial, 118, 119, 123; deforestation in, 604; economic growth in, 87, 88, 90, 95, 96, 97, 98; economic reforms in, 59, 60; education in, 197, 202, 203, 204; environment and, 595, 596, 599; export subsidies and, 560, 564–66, 569; foreign aid to, 316; health in, 495; income inequality in, 473, 474;

-641-

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Leading Issues in Economic Development
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Exhibits xiii
  • Preface xv
  • Using This Book xvii
  • Chapter I - Introduction 1
  • Chapter II - Historical Perspective 81
  • Chapter III - International Trade and Technology Transfer 133
  • Chapter IV - Human Resources 183
  • Chapter V - Investment and Finance 293
  • Chapter VI - Urbanization and the Informal Sector 331
  • Chapter VII - Agriculture 381
  • Chapter VIII - Income Distribution 433
  • Chapter IX - Political Economy 489
  • Chapter X - Development and the Environment 581
  • Appendix - How to Read a Regression Table 633
  • Index of Selection Authors 639
  • Index 641
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