The Biology of Human Survival: Life and Death in Extreme Environments

By Claude A. Piantadosi | Go to book overview
Contents
1.The Human Environment, 1
The nature of human physical boundaries, 1
The importance of preparation for extreme exposures, 4
Some basic concepts of survival analysis, 5
Characteristics of life-support systems, 8
2.Survival and Adaptation, 10
The science of human physiology, 10
Principles of physiological regulation and adaptation, 13
Defining physiological adaptation to the environment, 16
Acclimatization and acclimation, 18
3.Cross-Acclimation, 21
The complexity of adaptation to environment, 21
Positive and negative cross-acclimation, 22
Biochemical mediators of physiological adaptation, 24
Stress proteins and the stress response, 25
4.Food for Thought, 29
A brief overview of human starvation, 29
Starvation: an affliction of the very young and the very old, 30
Assessing the severity of starvation, 31

-xi-

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The Biology of Human Survival: Life and Death in Extreme Environments
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface vii
  • Contents xi
  • 1: The Human Environment 1
  • 2: Survival and Adaptation 10
  • 3: Cross-Acclimation 21
  • 4: Food for Thought 29
  • 5: Water and Salt 41
  • 6: Water That Makes Men Mad 54
  • 7: Tolerance to Heat 63
  • 8: Endless Oceans of Sand 78
  • 9: Hypothermia 89
  • 10: Life and Death on the Crystal Desert 99
  • 11: Survival in Cold Water 119
  • 12: Air as Good as We Deserve 129
  • 13: Bends and Rapture of the Deep 140
  • 14: Sunken Submarines 152
  • 15: Climbing Higher 164
  • 16: Into the Wild Blue Yonder 181
  • 17: G Whiz 193
  • 18: The Gravity of Microgravity 203
  • 19: Weapons of Mass Destruction 212
  • 20: Human Prospects for Colonizing Space 227
  • Bibliography and Supplemental Reading 247
  • Index 255
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