THE COLONY OF THURIUM: HERODOTUS AND THE ANTIGONE OF SOPHOCLES.
THE effect of the scrutiny was equivalent to a very considerable internal revolution, and might be expected to induce discontents and disturbances of a nature to declare themselves more distinctly than we find to be the case. It is therefore highly significant that this wholesale disfranchisement should be found to synchronise with an undertaking-- the foundation of Thurium--that provided foreign settlement for very large numbers from the city. Of the various motives which are assigned by Plutarch to Pericles for the Athenian colonies, the intent to relieve the city of unemployed and troublesome classes, would operate here, though not as in some other cases, the purpose to set watch and check upon the movements of the allies.
The opportunity embraced was presented by envoys of the Sybarites, who arrived to solicit aid from both the great confederations in restoring their once so prosperous and powerful but now ruined city. Their proposal had met with no favour at Lacedaemon, and in consequence the field was again free for Attic enterprise to take the lead; a general proclamation was made for volunteers, apparently on the occa