THE REVOLT OF SAMOS.
B.C. 441, 440.
IN the sixth year of the thirty years' peace, under the archonship of 1 Timocles ( 441-40 B.C.), a date in which Thucydides is confirmed by the scholiast of 2 Aristophanes, a dispute broke out into violence between Samos, one of the three insular autonomous allies of Athens, and the city of Miletus on the mainland, as if in renewal of the enmity to which they had been committed in almost prehistoric times as allies respectively of Chalcis and Eretria. For forty years since the battle of Mycale, Samos had retained internal independence in finance and jurisdiction, and having never commuted its federal liabilities for a money payment, continued to maintain a war fleet, under independent control, only with the obligation to supply a contingent for purposes of the confederation. Peace and security had restored the prosperity of the island; and with a considerable increase of their fleet, the ambitious spirit of the Samians revived, and prompted aspirations for the independence of earlier days, and the restoration of that greatness of which the____________________