The Formation of National Party Systems: Federalism and Party Competition in Canada, Great Britain, India, and the United States

By Pradeep Chhibber; Ken Kollman | Go to book overview
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FIGURES AND TABLES

FIGURES
1.1.Effective Number of National Parties in Lower-House Elections in Canada6
1.2.Effective Number of National Parties in Lower-House Elections in Great Britain7
1.3.Effective Number of National Parties in Lower-House Elections in India8
1.4.Effective Number of National Parties in Lower-House Elections in the United States8
2.1.Distribution of the Effective Number of Parties in District Elections in Canada, Great Britain, India, and the United States41
2.2.Distribution of Effective Number of Parties in District Elections, All Four Countries41
2.3.Distribution of Effective Number of Parties in District Elections, All Four Countries42
2.4.Average Effective Number of Parties in the Districts over Time, All Four Countries44
2.5.Effective Number of Parties in Single-Member and Multiple-Member Districts in Great Britain44
2.6.Typical Vote Distributions in District Elections, All Four Countries46
2.7.Cramer's V for All Four Countries51
2.8.SF-Ratio Distributions for Canada, Great Britain, and India53
2.9.Six Distributions of SF Ratios for Canada54
2.10.Six Distributions of SF Ratios for Great Britain55
4.1.The Yearly Average Proportions of Districts within Provinces That the First and Second Party Contested in Canada89
4.2.Independent Candidates in Canada94
4.3.Independent Candidates in India98
4.4.Independent Candidates in the United States99
5.1.Federal Expenditure as a Proportion of Federal and Provincial Expenditures in Canada114

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