Sprawl: A Compact History

By Robert Bruegmann | Go to book overview
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Note: Italicized page numbers indicate figures.
Abercrombie, Patrick, 173, 174, 175–76, 266n3
Abrams, Charles, 251n2
academics and professionals: on anti-sprawl campaign, 254n4; anti-suburban orientation of, 123; backlash from, 121; “diversity” focus of, 143–44; elite support for, 118; self-interests of, 163; on social problems and sprawl, 125–26, 144. See also elites; planning professionals
aesthetics: anti-sprawl arguments about, 132–35, 150–51; elites' imposition of, 134–35, 254n38; farmland concerns and, 142; of landscape, 118–19, 133–34; L.A.'s possibilities for, 153–54; Portland's planning system and, 213
affluence: aesthetics issues and, 150–51; environmental concerns and, 126–29, 150; expansion of, 36, 86, 89, 93, 164, 218; industrial production of, 26; measurement of, 110; postwar rise of, 42–43, 121, 172; sprawl linked to, 109–12. See also housing, affluent
affluent cities: automobile's dominance in, 141; decreased densities in, 18–19; focus on, 11–12; London as, 24–25; population and land area of, 51; twentieth-century changes in, 12–13
affluent people: as anti-highway, 193; as beneficiaries of slow-growth policies, 189, 195; choices of, 111; European planning's effects on, 179–80; in exurbia, 87, 89–91; job locations of, 56–57; mobility demands of, 131–32; outward movement of, 34; population densities controlled by, 57–58; return to city center, 53–54; rural areas as preserve of, 175–76, 214–15; suburbanization of, 45; as worried about sprawl, 164–66. See also elites
African-Americans, 97–98
agricultural land: abandonment of, 89; anti-sprawl arguments about, 141–43; conversion of, 6, 119, 275n35; as “natural” (or not), 133–34; Portland's planning system and, 212–15; shift to forest, 142, 255n12
agricultural production: changes in, 24; disconnection from, 1–2; subsidies for, 142–43, 212
airplane travel, 132
airport areas, 92, 92–93
Akron (Ohio), 88
Alaska: population density of, 240n10
alienation, 125, 144
American Farmland Trust, 155
American Housing Survey, 245n54
American Planning Association, 263n65
Amsterdam (Netherlands), 52
amusement parks, 71, 72
annexations, 145, 238n8
anti-sprawl campaigns: aesthetic and symbolic objections in, 132–35, 150–51; on automobile use, 2–3, 127, 129–32, 140–41, 192; on costs of sprawl, 122–23, 124, 125, 138–40; economic downturn linked to, 161, 189, 195; on environmental issues, 126–28, 148–50; on farmland and open space, 141–43; governmental intervention juxtaposed to, 99–100; historical context of, 115–16; illogical targets of, 69; impetus for, 8–11; on land use, 135–36; “limits


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