Contents
Prefaceix
Time Linexi
PART 1: THE ANCIENT PERIOD
1.The Pre-Socratics3
Readings,11
2.Plato20
Euthyphro*,23
The Apology*,33
Crito*,47
Phaedo,54
Meno,86
Republic,97
3.Aristotle240
Categories,243
Posterior Analytics (Analytica Posteriora),247
Physics,250
On the Soul,262
Metaphysics (Metaphysica),267
Nicomachean Ethics,290
Politics,323
4.Epicurus357
Letter to Menoeceus*,358
Principal Doctrines,360
5.Epictetus363
Encheiridion,365
6.Sextus Empiricus374
Outlines of Pyrrhonism,375
7.Plotinus391
Ennead I.6,391
Ennead V.1,397
PART 2: THE MEDIEVAL PERIOD
8.Augustine407
On Free Will,408
On Time and Eternity,423
The City of God,436
9.Boethius447
The Consolation of Philosophy,447
10.Avicenna455
Essay on the Secret of Destiny,455
11.Anselm and Gaunilo458
Proslogion,459
Gaunilo's Criticism,460
St. Anselm's Rejoinder,461
12.Thomas Aquinas462
Summa Theologica,463
13.William of Ockham486
Summa Logicae,487
PART 3: THE MODERN PERIOD
14.René Descartes495
Meditations on First Philosophy*,497
15.Thomas Hobbes525
Leviathan,527
16.Blaise Pascal566
Pensées,567
17.Baruch Spinoza570
Ethic,571
18.Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz618
Discourse on Metaphysics*,621
The Monadology*,643
19.John Locke652
An Essay Concerning Human Understanding,653
20.George Berkeley690
Of the Principles of Human Knowledge,691
Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous in Opposition to Sceptics and Atheists,699

*Selection reprinted in its entirety.

-vii-

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Classics of Philosophy
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • Time Line xi
  • Part One - The Ancient Period 1
  • 1: The Pre-Socratics 3
  • 2: Plato 20
  • 3: Aristotle 240
  • 4: Epicurus 357
  • 5: Epictetus 363
  • 6: Sextus Empiricus 374
  • 7: Plotinus 391
  • Part Two - The Medieval Period 405
  • 8: Augustine 407
  • 9: Boethius 447
  • 10: Avicenna 455
  • 11: Anselm and Gaunilo 458
  • 12: Thomas Aquinas 462
  • 13: William of Ockham 486
  • Part Three - The Modern Period 493
  • 14: RenÉ Descartes 495
  • 15: Thomas Hobbes 525
  • 16: Blaise Pascal 566
  • 17: Baruch Spinoza 570
  • 18: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz 618
  • 19: John Locke 652
  • 20: George Berkeley 690
  • 21: William Paley 723
  • 22: David Hume 726
  • 23: Immanuel Kant 819
  • 24: Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel 914
  • 25: SØren Kierkegaard 922
  • 26: Mary Wollstonecraft 935
  • 27: John Stuart Mill 942
  • 28: Friedrich Nietzsche 1030
  • Part Four - The Contemporary Period 1059
  • 29: W. K. Clifford 1061
  • 30: Charles Sanders Peirce 1066
  • 31: William James 1076
  • 32: Bertrand Russell 1100
  • 33: G. E. Moore 1142
  • 34: Ludwig Wittgenstein 1150
  • 35: Edmund Husserl 1168
  • 36: Martin Heidegger 1185
  • 37: Jean-Paul Sartre 1207
  • 38: A. J. Ayer 1225
  • 39: Thomas Nagel 1234
  • 40: Philippa Foot 1242
  • 41: Nelson Goodman 1249
  • 42: John Rawls 1254
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