39
THOMAS NAGEL

Thomas Nagel is professor of philosophy at New York University and the author of several works in ethics and philosophy of mind, including The View from Nowhere (1986). Much of Nagel's work involves showing the incongruities between objective and subjective perspectives, especially between the scientific explanation of humanness and our subjective experience of it. Something vital is lost in the reduction of mental states to brain states.

In this article Nagel argues against the view that the objective perspective is the correct one. He contends that the peculiarity of the subjective character experience is that increased objectivity actually takes us further from its real nature.


FOR FURTHER READING

Acton, Harry. Kant's Moral Philosophy (Macmillan, 1970).

Baier, Kurt. The Moral Point of View (Cornell University Press, 1958).

Broad, C. D. Five Types of Ethical Theory (Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1930).

Donagan, Alan. The Theory of Morality (University of Chicago Press, 1977). A comprehensive deontological account of ethical theory.

Feldman, Fred. Introductory Ethics (Prentice-Hall, 1978), chaps. 7 and 8. A clear and critical exposition.

Gewirth, Alan. Reason and Morality (University of Chicago, 1978). Important but advanced.

Harris, C. E. Applying Moral Theories (Wadsworth, 1986), chap. 7. An excellent exposition of contemporary deontological theories, especially of Gewirth's work.

Hill, Tom. Dignity and Practical Reason (Cornell University Press, 1992).

Kant, Immanuel. Critique of Practical Reason, trans. Lewis White Beck (Bobbs-Merrill, 1956).

Kant, Immanual. Foundations of the Metaphysic of Morals, trans. Lewis White Beck (BobbsMerrill, 1959).

Korgaard, Christine. Creating the Kingdom of Ends (Cambridge University Press, 1995).

Louden, Robert. Morality and Moral Theory (Oxford University Press, 1991). A sophisticated contemporary account combining Kantian and virtue ethics.

Nagel, Thomas. Mortal Questions (Cambridge University Press, 1979).

Nagel, Thomas. Other Minds (Oxford University Press, 1995).

Nagel, Thomas. The Possibility of Altruism (Oxford University Press, 1970).

Nagel, Thomas. The View from Nowhere (Oxford University Press, 1986).

O'Neill, Onora. Acting on Principle: An Essay on Kantian Ethics (Columbia University Press, 1975).

O'Neill, Onora. Constructions of Reason (Cambridge University Press, 1989).

Raphael, D. D. Moral Philosophy (Oxford University Press, 1981), chap. 6.

Ross, W. D. Kant's Ethical Theory (Clarendon Press, 1954).

Ward, Keith. The Development of Kant's Views of Ethics (Blackwell, 1972).

Wolff, Robert P. The Autonomy of Reason: A Commentary on Kant's “Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals”(Harper & Row, 1973).

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