Comparative Semitic Philology in the Middle Ages: From Sa'Adiah Gaon to Ibn Barun (10th-12th C.)

By Aharon Maman; David Lyons | Go to book overview

INTRODUCTORY NOTES

1 All emphases in quotations from the works of philologists are my emphases, unless it is explicitly stated that the emphasis was in the source text.

2 If one letter of a weak verbal root is printed in parentheses, it is implied that in the opinion of the scholar under discussion, the parenthesized letter is non-radical; in his lexicon, the root is to be located disregarding the aforementioned letter. For Example,

means, according to David b. Abraham, that the yod is not part of the root; in his lexicon, the root can be found within the letter daleth entries.

3 Regarding the numeral appearing in parentheses after a comparison of excerpts from the works of David b. Abraham, it is not regularly indicated whether this numeral relates to vol. 1 or vol. 2 of Jāmiʿ al-ʾAlfāẓ; this can be easily ascertained from the root of the entry word itself, as based on the grammatical approach of David b. Abraham.

4 A reference to an entry in R. Jonah ibn Janāḥ's lexicon is comprised of two numerals set apart by a diagonal. The numeral to the left of the diagonal refers to ʾUṣūl and that to the right to Shorashim. If no numeral is noted the entry can be located by the root.

5 Two or three entries set apart from one another by diagonals) are interrelated qua tr. syn, whether cognate or non-cognate. The entry to the extreme left of the expression is a Hebrew entry; the second (to the left) is an Aramaic one; the third (i.e. that on the extreme right) is an Arabic one (unless otherwise indicated). If the expression contains only two entry words, the second (viz. the one on the right) can be identified as Aram. by the paragraph rubric or by a special symbol.

6 Wherever the term “etymology/etymological” appears, it refers to the meaning of the given entry (word) according to ancient linguistic scholarship and not according to modern scientific linguistics. For instance, J. Marouzeau, 1961, p. 90, distinguishes between the meaning of “etymology” in early linguistics and its meaning in modern linguistics. He defines its ancient sense as “Science de la filiation des mots, ç.a.d. … recherche de leur sense propre (gr. etymon)” (= “the

-xv-

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