Guilford Courthouse was the largest Revolutionary War battle in North Carolina. Although Lt. Gen. Charles, Second Earl Cornwallis succeeded tactically on 15 March 1781, his army was crippled. Forced to withdraw to Wilmington for reinforcements and resupply, Cornwallis made the fateful decision to stop chasing Nathanael Greene across the Carolinas, instead deciding to march into Virginia and destroy what he perceived as his opponent's supply base. Guilford, therefore, was one step, admittedly a very big step, in the British army's path to Yorktown.
Incredible as it seems, given its importance, there has been no in-depth scholarly monograph on the battle. Sad to say, this is true of most southern campaign engagements, although the situation is being rectified. Scholarly works on the southern campaign have devoted chapters to the battle, including John Buchanan's The Road to Guilford Courthouse, M. F. Treacy's Prelude to Yorktown, and John S. Pancake's The Destructive War. Two small works have been produced on the subject, John Hairr's Guilford Courthouse and Thomas Baker's Another Such Victory. Baker's account, perhaps the most