Raskolnikov's Rebirth: Psychology and the Understanding of Good and Evil

By İlham Dİlman | Go to book overview
Save to active project

1
Science and Psychology

1.1 SCIENTIFIC METHOD AND UNDERSTANDING
HUMAN BEINGS

I want to ask: What is knowledge of human beings and can it be acquired by experimental methods?

It is a widespread assumption in academic psychology that the methods which have been applied with great success in the physical sciences are applicable to investigations in other areas and hence to psychological investigation. The history of experimental psychology is the history of the adjustments psychologists have made to their subject to be able to apply the experimental method of the sciences to it. In the process of trimming the head to fit the cap on it they have emasculated psychology.

The knowledge they seek in this way—which is the only kind of knowledge they recognize—is impersonal, general, inductive, theoretical. It is to be applied to particular cases so as to obtain an understanding of individual people and help them to deal more efficiently with such problems as difficulties in learning at school, stress at work, problems of maladjustment, unhappiness in relationships, and so forth. This is the orthodox view.

Thus, in his Psychology: The Science of Mental Life, George Miller says that advance in a science is measured in terms of theory and of practical results: 'scientific knowledge provides a foundation for technological advances, for the solution of practical problems that arise in the daily affairs of ordinary people' (p. 16). This foundation, he tells us, is to be found in the understanding it seeks of 'what people are really like' (p. 17). 'Like all sciences, psychology has influenced our lives at both levels. It has given us technical

-1-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Raskolnikov's Rebirth: Psychology and the Understanding of Good and Evil
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 219

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?