called/to call: llamada/llamar considered/to consider: considerada/ considerar citizens: ciudadanos century: siglo not giving up: no ceder seat: asiento white passenger: pasajero blanco city bus: autobús municpal started/to start: empezó/empezar protest: protesta redirected/to redirect: cambió/ cambiar (la dirección) course: curso
Rosa Parks is called “The Mother of the Civil Rights Movement.” She is considered one of the most important citizens of the 20th century. By not giving up her seat to a white passenger on a city bus, Rosa Parks started a protest that redirected the course of history.
segregation laws: leyes de segregación prevalent: prevalentes almosthevery aspect: casi todos los aspectos daily life: vida diaria enforced/to enforce: hacían cumplir/ hacer cumplir (reglas) seating policies: normas de ubicacíon de los pasajeros stated/to state: declaraban/declarar separate sections: secciones separadas treatment: tratamiento
In the fifties, segregation laws were prevalent in the South. Black and white people were segregated in almost every aspect of daily life. Buses enforced seating policies that stated there were separate sections for blacks and whites. White people were given preferential treatment.
refused/to refuse: rehusó/rehusar to obey: a obedecer driver: conductor arrested/to arrest: arrestada/arrestar tried/to try: juzgada/juzgar convicted: condenada violating: violar prompted/to prompt: provocó/ provocar lasted/to last: duró/durar over a year: más de un año largest movements: movimientos más grandes against: contra forefront: vanguardia outlawed/to outlaw: prohibió/ prohibir
On December 1, 1955 Rosa Parks refused to obey bus driver James Blake and would not give up her seat to a white man. She was arrested, tried and convicted of violating a city law. Her actions prompted the Montgomery Bus Boycott. This boycott lasted for over a year and was one of the largest movements against racial segregation in history. Her actions also brought Martin Luther King, Jr. to the forefront of the civil rights movement. In 1956 the U.S. Supreme Court outlawed segregation on city buses.
next: próximos dedicated/to dedicate: dedicó/dedicar continued/to continue: continuó/ continuar fight: lucha equal rights: igualdad derechos received/to receive: recibió/recibir awards: premios including: incluyendo earned her: le ganó iconic status: categoría icónica
For the next forty years Rosa Parks dedicated her life to civil rights and continued the fight for equal rights for all people. She received many awards, including the Martin Luther King Jr. Nonviolent Peace Prize and the Presidential Medal of Freedom. Her role in American history earned her an iconic status in American culture.
positive changes: cambios positivos remain/to remain: continúan/ continuar (siendo) inspiration: inspiración everywhere: en todas partes
Rosa Parks died on October 24, 2005 at age 92. Her life and the positive changes she made in America remain an inspiration to people everywhere.
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Publication information: Book title: Read and Think English. Contributors: Los Editores De La Revista Think English - OrganizationName. Publisher: McGraw-Hill. Place of publication: New York. Publication year: 2008. Page number: 89.
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