official home: residencia oficial built/to build: construida/construir between: entre helped choose: ayudó a elegir exact location: ubicación exacta supervised/to supervise: supervisó never actually lived: en realidad nunca vivió to live: vivir burned/to burn: quemada/quemar troops: tropas during: durante destructive fire: incendio destructor took place/to take place: tuvo lugar/ tener lugar, ocurrir
The President's official home is the White House. The first White House was built between 1792 and 1800 in Washington, D.C. President George Washington helped choose its exact location and supervised its construction, but never actually lived there. America's second president, John Adams, was the first to live in the White House. Fourteen years after construction, the White House was burned by British troops during the War of 1812. Another destructive fire took place there in 1929, when Herbert Hoover was president.
established/to establish: estableció/ establecer did not exist/to exist: no existía/existir at that time: en esa época soon began discussing: pronto empezó a discutir permanent: permanente within: dentro fought/to fight: pelearon/pelear bitterly: amargamente, terriblemente, con mucho rencor against: contra southern: sureños wanted/to want: quería/querer to be in: estuviera en finally: finalmente North: Norte agreed to let: aceptó dejar in return: a cambio relieved/to relieve: liberado/liberar debt: deuda owed/to owe: debían/deber
When the Constitution established our nation in 1789, the city of Washington, D.C. did not exist. At that time, the capital was New York City. Congress soon began discussing the location of a permanent capital city. Within Congress, representatives of northern states fought bitterly against representatives of southern states. Each side wanted the capital to be in their region. Finally, with the Compromise of 1790, the North agreed to let the capital be in the South. In return, the North was relieved of some of the debt that they owed from the Revolutionary War.
building: edificio known as: conocido como until: hasta before then: antes de ese momento current look: apariencia actual renovation: renovación happened/to happen: ocurrió/ocurrir
The building was not officially known as the White House until 1901, when Theodore Roosevelt was president. Before then, it was also called the “President's Palace,” the “President's House,” and the “Executive Mansion.” The current look of the White House comes from a renovation that happened when Harry Truman was president.
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Publication information: Book title: Read and Think English. Contributors: Los Editores De La Revista Think English - OrganizationName. Publisher: McGraw-Hill. Place of publication: New York. Publication year: 2008. Page number: 152.
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