Military Training and Children in Armed Conflict: Law, Policy, and Practice

By Jenny Kuper | Go to book overview

4
Part 1 (A)(1)—Law and Policy: Content
of Rules Relevant to Officer Training
Regarding Children—Child Soldiers1

Introduction

Having considered in Chapter Three the main international law principles pertinent to military training as regards child civilians, it is now relevant to look at those provisions concerning child soldiers. Child soldiers are discussed below in two categories: a) child soldiers as combatants; and b) captured child soldiers.

Large numbers of child soldiers—estimated in 2001 at over 300,000 under 18s at any one time2—participate in armed conflicts worldwide, although in most cases such participation is contrary to, and explicitly prohibited by, both national and international law.

As regards child soldiers within national armed forces, such soldiers are generally those aged 15–17, since it remains lawful (although in contravention of the current higher standard) to incorporate this age-group in national armed forces, depending on the applicable legal regime in the particular country (see discussion below). However, some national armed forces may in fact unlawfully use child soldiers under the age of 15, as do many armed opposition groups.

It is commonly assumed that child soldiers (and to a lesser extent adult soldiers) are predominantly male, but in fact there are many girls who become 'soldiers' and who fulfil a multiplicity of roles in some armed forces, and particularly in armed opposition groups.3 This has implications for the training of officers of national armed forces. For example, it requires that: a) officers and soldiers should be sensitised to avoid gratuitous discrimination against girls in all areas of military life, from recruitment to demobilisation; b) the particular health needs of girl soldiers generally, including those who are captured and detained, should be provided for, and c) rules regarding sexual conduct should be reiterated. As regards the latter, sexual abuse of child soldiers (which can include males as well as females) is apparently widespread in some armed forces,4 although it is legally prohibited.5

It is also sometimes assumed that child soldiers can quite easily be identified as such—an impression fuelled by media images of very small children carrying large

-45-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Military Training and Children in Armed Conflict: Law, Policy, and Practice
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface vii
  • Acknowledgements ix
  • Contents xi
  • Abbreviations xiii
  • Table of Treaties and Other Selected Legal Instruments xvi
  • 1: Introduction 1
  • Part 1 19
  • 2: Part I(A)(1)—law and Policy 21
  • 3: Part I(A)(1)—law and Policy 33
  • 4: Part 1 (A)(1)—law and Policy 45
  • 5: Part I(A)(1)—law and Policy 59
  • 6: Part I(A)(2)—law and Policy 81
  • Part I 97
  • 7: Part I(B)—impact of Law and Policy 99
  • Part II 119
  • 8: Part Ii—introduction and Country Studies (Category A) 121
  • 9: Part Ii—country Studies (Category B) and the Icrc 151
  • Part III 167
  • 10: Conclusion 169
  • Appendices 177
  • Appendix 1: Captured Child Soldiers in Non-International and in International Armed Conflict 1 179
  • Appendix 2: Civil-Military Cooperation 187
  • Appendix 3: Charts 191
  • Appendix 4: 'Background Notes' to Country Studies—category (A) and Category (B) 215
  • Appendix 5: Sample Training Materials 239
  • Appendix 6: Summary 263
  • Bibliography 271
  • Index 289
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 300

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.