Part II—Introduction and Country
Studies (Category A)
Part I of this book, in the above Chapters, has examined law and policy relevant to the training of officers of national armed forces on the treatment of children in situations of armed conflict. It has outlined both the content of the pertinent law and policy, and ways in which its effective implementation can be encouraged. The following section, Part II (Chapters Eight and Nine), will briefly describe the practice of 11 different countries as regards the training they provided for officers of their armed forces, largely in the years 2001–2002. Separate information will also be given at the end of Chapter Nine on relevant training initiatives of the ICRC.
The aim of Part II is to move from a primarily theoretical analysis of the relevant law and policy, and their implementation, (Part I), to an examination of how these obligations are in fact put into practice 'on the ground'.1 Do the selected countries actually provide training on children for officers in their national armed forces? If so, how do they tackle this task? Are there any examples of 'good practice' in the selected countries that could provide a useful model for other countries to adapt, as required?
The 11 countries were chosen2 using the criteria that they would include: in Categoiy (A), countries selected primarily on the basis that they were currently or recently involved in armed conflict 'at home' (within their own jurisdiction), and that they represented different regions, with experience of different types of armed conflict (ie Bosnia and Herzegovina, Colombia, Israel, Uganda, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sri Lanka); and in Category (B), countries selected primarily on the basis that they were or had recently been substantially involved in peace support or other military activities 'abroad', and/or in training of armed forces other than (and of course including) their own—once more, bearing in mind geographic representation (ie Australia, South Africa (again), Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States).