Caused by Bacteria
That Resist Antibiotics
Bacteria are now, more than ever before, resisting the killing effects of antibiotics. Bacteria that resist antibiotics (or [superbugs]) are harmful to children for a number of reasons.
• When a child is infected with a bacterium that resists some antibiotics, other antibiotics must be used to take their place. These other antibiotics are invariably more expensive and only a limited number are available. Sometimes these other antibiotics must be given intravenously in the hospital.
• When a child is infected with a bacterium that resists all antibiotics, it may be impossible to treat the infection successfully.
In this chapter we will talk about the serious and sometimes deadly infections caused by bacteria that resist antibiotics.
Bacterial Infection of Children
One bacterium is the most common cause of bacterial infections in children. It is the most common cause of ear infections, the most common cause of sinus infections, the most common cause of bacterial pneumonia, and the most common cause of