Jewish Daily Life in Germany, 1618-1945

By Marion A. Kaplan | Go to book overview

7
Jewish Residential Patterns

Before the French Revolution, Jews were far from evenly distributed in the German lands. In the east and the extreme southwest, individual Jewish communities were relatively large, while in many other regions Jews were scattered in tiny pockets. Jews lived segregated in ghetto-like concentrations in some towns but more or less integrated among the general population in others. Like the majority of non-Jews, Jews in the German lands lived overwhelmingly in villages and towns of fewer than 10,000 inhabitants. Beginning at the time of the Napoleonic invasions, German Jewish residential segregation slowly decreased but did not disappear. Jews remained unevenly distributed in the various regions of Germany, as well as within the neighborhoods in specific towns as late as 1871.


Patterns of Settlement

The uneven distribution of Jews followed general territorial divisions. Germany west of the Elbe was divided into hundreds of tiny duchies, church territories, and city-states, each with a different policy about Jewish residence. Larger states in eastern Germany, like Bavaria, Saxony, and Austria, produced more uniform patterns of Jewish settlement. The two areas of densest Jewish population around 1815 were the formerly Polish territories of Posen and West Prussia in the east and the area of the middle and upper Rhine and Main River valleys far to the southwest. In between, there were a few centers of moderate Jewish population in Silesia, southern Hannover, Ostfriesland, and the cities of Berlin and Hamburg.

Jews in the formerly Polish eastern provinces lived in concentrated settle

-95-

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Jewish Daily Life in Germany, 1618-1945
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Jewish Daily Life in Germany, 1618-1945 iii
  • Acknowledgments v
  • Contents vii
  • English Glossary ix
  • Title Page 1
  • Introduction: Marion A. Kaplan 3
  • Part I: On the Threshold of Modernity 9
  • 1: The Environment of Jewish Life 11
  • 2: Family Life 24
  • 3: Childhood and Education 41
  • 4: Economic Life 54
  • 5: Religious and Communal Life 70
  • 6: Social Relations 84
  • Part II: The Beginning of Integration 93
  • 7: Jewish Residential Patterns 95
  • 8: Family Life 107
  • 9: Education 118
  • 10: Economic Life 130
  • 11: Religious Practice and Mentality 144
  • 12: German Jews and Their German Jews and Their 159
  • Part III: As Germans and as Jews in Imperial Germany 173
  • 13: Surroundings 175
  • 14: Family 182
  • 15: Education 201
  • 16: Work 215
  • 17: Religious Practices, Mentalities,And Community 235
  • 18: Social Life 252
  • Part IV: From Everyday Life to a State of Emergency 271
  • 19: Housing and Housekeeping 273
  • 20: Family Life 283
  • 21: Education and Vocational Training 291
  • 22: Career and Employment 306
  • 23: Religious Practice in the Synagogue and at Home 323
  • 24: Leisure Time and Social Life 333
  • 25: Constricting and Extinguishing Jewish Life 346
  • Conclusion 375
  • Notes 387
  • Bibliography 477
  • Index 507
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