Biology, Society, and Behavior: The Development of Sex Differences in Cognition

By Ann Mcgillicuddy-De Lisi; Richard De Lisi et al. | Go to book overview

CHAPTER 2
Sexual Selection and Sex Differences in
Social Cognition

David C. Geary

For the most part, the psychological study of cognitive sex differences has been an empirically driven endeavor, that is, sex differences were found on certain cognitive measures and the field has coalesced around these findings. Traditionally, the associated studies and theoretical models have focused on the advantage of men in the general domains of spatial and mathematical cognition and the advantage of women in verbal cognition (e.g., chapter 6; Halpern, 1992). The search for the origin of these sex differences has sometimes focused on biological factors, particularly sex hormones (chapter 3) (Kimura, 1999). Most theories, however, have focused on presumed culturally mediated (e.g., parental socialization) differences in the activities and experiences of boys and girls and later of men and women (chapter 7) (Benninger & Newcombe, 1995; Eagly, 1987). The goal here is to provide a unifying framework based on the principles of sexual selection for incorporating hormonal, experiential, as well as evolutionary influences on human cognitive sex differences.

Sexual selection is an advantaged theoretical perspective for studying cognitive and other sex differences, for many reasons. The ultimate (evolutionary) and proximate (here and now, such as sex hormones) mechanisms associated with sexual selection have been studied in hundreds of species and are well understood (Andersson, 1994; Darwin, 1871). Basically, sexual selection provides a theoretical framework for understanding human cognitive sex differences in the context of sex differences found in other species and, at the same time, allows for hormonal, developmental, and experiential influences on the expression of these differences. Sex differences in social cognition will be discussed to illustrate the util

-23-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Biology, Society, and Behavior: The Development of Sex Differences in Cognition
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 284

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.