By the 1940s, the South Bronx no longer met middle-class expectations. It was too old, too crowded, and too inconvenient, and for the most part did not offer the option of individual home ownership. More man ever, families had to leave the neighborhood and often the entire borough to improve their standard of living. Although this outward flow of population had been going on for years, sharp demographic changes and pro-suburban government policies further motivated residents to leave and provided them with the means to do so.1 Meanwhile, the continuance of wartime rent controls lessened the attraction of apartment house ownership. Declining real estate investment, a growing incidence of crime, and an aging housing stock spread the “South Bronx” name beyond its original neighborhoods of Mott Haven, Melrose, Morrisania-Claremont, and Hunts Point-Crotona Park East to everything south of Fordham Road, from Highbridge and the lower Concourse to Tremont, University Heights, and lower Fordham. By the late seventies, this newly denned South Bronx had become the “most extensively abandoned piece of urban geography in the United States.”2


After World War II, the most important change in the Bronx was the coming of thousands of Southern blacks and Spanish-speaking Puerto Ricans. Early slum clearance in black and Spanish Harlem reduced the housing available to African Americans and Puerto Ricans just when they began arriving in greater numbers. In the segregated city of the forties, they had nowhere to go but along the subway and the el into the low-rent part of the Bronx, which already had small pockets of blacks and Hispanics and had the least desirable housing.3 By 1950, there were almost 160,000 African Americans and Puerto Ricans in the borough, 91 percent of them in the


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Bronx


Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 284

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?