China's English: A History of English in Chinese Education

By Bob Adamson | Go to book overview
Save to active project

7 Integrating with globalization, 1993 onwards

Despite the political uncertainties of the late 1980s, economic reforms such as the Open Door Policy continued unabated, which ensured that the trends towards pedagogical developments in the English Language curriculum that stressed communicative competence remained in place. The new curriculum that appeared in 1993 was marked by major innovations that took seven years to materialize for various logistical reasons, so the genesis lay in events that pre-dated the Tiananmen Square incident and the curriculum development was hindered but not stopped by the political turmoil.

The Open Door Policy increased people's dealings with English speakers and was a further significant boost to both the status and role of English. The development of international trade and the tourist industry led to the creation of well-paid jobs for translators and interpreters. Language study also became a form of entertainment, popularized by the increased access to electronic goods and to various forms of mass media in English produced either domestically or imported from overseas. There were increasing opportunities for foreign travel for business, study and, latterly, tourism. More educational institutions were able to import native-speaker teachers, initially at tertiary level and then increasingly at secondary level. China hosted international events such as the Asian Games in 1990 and the International Women's Conference in 1995, put in bids for the Olympic Games (failing in the attempt to win the 2000 Games, but winning the 2008 Games to be held in Beijing), and achieved entry into the World Trade Organization in November 2001. By the turn of the century, English had become a prerequisite for university entrance and for many posts in the civil service. Taxi drivers in major cities had to pass proficiency tests.

An interesting phenomenon that emerged in the late 1990s was Li Yang's 'Crazy English' learning method, which employs various techniques to overcome reticence in speaking English, such as chanting exhortatory slogans. Participants in 'Crazy English' classes are encouraged to 'speak as loudly as possible', 'speak as quickly as possible', and 'speak as clearly as possible'. Li


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
China's English: A History of English in Chinese Education


Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 242

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?