The Virginia State Constitution: A Reference Guide

By John Dinan | Go to book overview

Article IV
Legislature

The Legislature Article has undergone significant changes through the years, and the principal effect of these changes, especially during the nineteenth century and first part of the twentieth century, was to limit the powers of the General Assembly.

First, the power of selecting various officials, such as the Governor, Lieutenant Governor, and Attorney General, was originally vested in the General Assembly. However, beginning in the 1851 Constitution and continuing through the years, this power was transferred to the electorate. Meanwhile, the power of selecting other officials, such as the Treasurer and Superintendent of Public Instruction, was over time transferred to the Governor.

Second, efforts have been undertaken to limit the frequency and length of legislative sessions. Once again, these efforts began in earnest with the adoption of the 1851 Constitution, which provided for biennial rather than annual sessions and imposed the first limits on the length of sessions.

Third, steps have been taken, again beginning with the 1851 Constitution and continuing in subsequent constitutions, to enact procedural limitations on the legislature, such as the requirement that bills be read three times prior to passage and that they contain a single object expressed in their title.

A fourth type of restriction, which began even earlier, in the 1830 Constitution, and has been continued in subsequent constitutions, concerns the imposition of substantive limits on the work of the legislature. These include provisions forbidding abridgments of freedom of speech (later moved to the bill of rights), prohibiting the authorization of lotteries (later eliminated), and preventing the enactment of local, special, or private laws in a variety of areas, among other requirements.

-96-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Virginia State Constitution: A Reference Guide
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Series Foreword xi
  • Acknowledgments xv
  • Part I - The Constitutional History of Virginia 1
  • Part II - Virginia Constitution and Commentary 33
  • Article I - Bill of Rights 35
  • Article II - Franchise and Officers 75
  • Article III - Division of Powers 94
  • Article IV - Legislature 96
  • Article V - Executive 116
  • Article VI - Judiciary 137
  • Article VII - Local Government 152
  • Article VIII - Education 166
  • Article IX - Corporations 182
  • Article X - Taxation and Finance 192
  • Article XI - Conservation 212
  • Article XII - Future Changes 218
  • Schedule 225
  • Bibliographical Essay 227
  • Table of Cases 241
  • Index 249
  • About the Author 257
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 258

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.