Body Image: A Handbook of Theory, Research, and Clinical Practice

By Thomas F. Cash; Thomas Pruzinsky | Go to book overview
Save to active project

8
Body Image Development in Children

LINDA SMOLAK

There are many reasons to be interested in the development of body image during childhood. We might assume, for example, that a positive body image is related to global self-esteem. Furthermore, it is evident that by early adolescence, negative body image predicts the development of depression and eating disorders. Presumably, adolescent negative body image is rooted in childhood body image.

Unfortunately, the empirical support for these assumptions is quite limited. There is certainly research concerning body image development during childhood. However, it is rarely of the type that allows us to examine causal relationships, either in the etiology or the outcomes of negative body image. In other words, there is very little prospective, longitudinal research. With this caveat in mind, this chapter focuses on the development of body image as it occurs in children age 11 and under. In the United States, these children are generally in elementary school. The emphasis here is on the sequence of development within gender and ethnic group as well as on potential biological and sociocultural influences.


THE DEVELOPMENT OF BODY IMAGE

Researchers have looked at both overall body image and specific measures of weight and shape concerns among children. The measures of overall body image, often referred to as "body esteem" or "appearance esteem," tend to include items concerning facial features, hair, and general appearance. A child could be dissatisfied with weight or shape and obtain a relatively high score on these measures. Other measures tend to focus more spe

-65-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Body Image: A Handbook of Theory, Research, and Clinical Practice
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 530

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?