The Non-Marxist

The attention devoted to Marxist conceptions of ideology is justified in that, until comparatively recently, discussions of ideology were not prominent in non-Marxist social and political thought. Nevertheless, parallel to the Marxist thinkers discussed in the last chapter, there were important developments in the social sciences in general which influenced the understanding of ideology. For example, the two thinkers who (with Marx) were the founding fathers of sociology Weber and Durkheim produced discussions about the genesis and validity of ideas which contributed substantially to subsequent treatments of ideology Weber as the inspirer of much later empirical investigation in the Anglo-Saxon world and Durkheim as the forerunner of structuralist analyses. The turn of the century also saw the beginnings of psychoanalysis which has had its own rather pessimistic contribution to make to the discussion. Finally, we shall return to the German historicist tradition in the person of Karl Mannheim who produced a comprehensive theory of ideology that is still a reference point for today's discussions.

Weber very rarely mentioned the word 'ideology'. As we saw in the previous chapter, his discussions of the 'iron cage' of increasing bureaucracy and rationalization had a profound effect even on such a very different thinker as Lukacs. But his long, and heavily qualified, search for objectivity in politics places him uncertainly in the democratic tradition moving from Destutt de Tracy to much current Anglo-Saxon political science. Weber was well aware that the undermining potential of the Marxist concept of ideology could be turned against the Marxists themselves a point later to be elaborated in full by Mannheim. 'The materialist conception of


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page


Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 111

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?