Learning from Research: Getting More from Your Data

By Judith Bell; Clive Opie | Go to book overview

FURTHER READING

Most statistics books will give definitions, examples and explanations of the statistics we discuss in this Part but, if you have no statistics background, some are heavy going. If you are planning to become involved in inferential statistics; you would be well advised first to consult your supervisor and whoever has responsibility for advising research students about data analysis. If at first you are told the university has no such person; persist. Ask around. Knock on doors if necessary. Ask other research students where they went for help. There might well be someone who knows everything about data analysis and statistical strategies and whose job it is to help research students. Some universities produce their own notes on the use of various statistical strategies so take advantage of what is provided. The following sources and the glossary will give definitions and examples but nothing beats face-to-face explanations.

Chi-square (X2) and Speartnan's rank of correlation coefficient (Spearman's rho) All the following will provide brief accounts of the purpose of Spearman's rho (p) and provide good summaries of chi-square.

Bryman; A. and Cramer, D. (1994) (Revised edition) Quantitative Data Analysis for Social Scientists. London: Routledge. Pages 159–64 provide a good account of the purpose and administration of chi-square. They discuss the statistical significance of the null hypothesis, significance levels, guidance about which SPSS commands to use and what tables will be provided.

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Learning from Research: Getting More from Your Data
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • List of Figures and Tables xiii
  • Acknowledgements xv
  • Introduction 1
  • Part 1 - The Descriptive Study 5
  • 1.1 - Background to the Study and Critics of Descriptive Studies 7
  • 1.2 - The Preparation 11
  • 1.3 - Moving on to Data Collection 15
  • 1.4 - Using Computer Statistical Packages 21
  • 1.5 - The Wretched Grids 26
  • 1.6 - Discussion 30
  • Further Reading 37
  • Part 2 - Evaluation Study 41
  • 2.1 - Background to the Study, Obtaining Permission and Reviewing the Literature 43
  • 2.2 - The Preparation 46
  • 2.3 - Operationalization of the Concepts 50
  • 2.4 - The Questionnaire 55
  • 2.5 - The Findings 62
  • 2.6 - Discussion 68
  • Further Reading 73
  • Part 3 - The Experimental Study 79
  • 3.1 - Background to the Study 81
  • 3.2 - The Literature Review 84
  • 3.3 - Obtaining Permission and Ethical Dilemmas in Experimental Research 88
  • 3.4 - Aims and Purpose of the Study 91
  • 3.5 - The Plan for Data Collection and Analysis 96
  • 3.6 - The Result 101
  • 3.7 - Overall Findings 107
  • 3.8 - Limitations of the Study and Recommendations 115
  • 3.9 - Discussion 117
  • Further Reading 121
  • Part 4 - Ethnographic Study 127
  • 4.1 - Statement of the Problem and Purpose of the Study 129
  • 4.2 - Setting the Scene and the Analysis of Documentary Evidence 133
  • 4.3 - The Review of the Literature 137
  • 4.4 - The Research Contract and the Principle of Informed Consent 144
  • 4.5 - The Fieldwork 147
  • 4.6 - Analysing the Data 157
  • 4.7 - A Solution to the Problem? 163
  • 4.8 - Dcussi0n 166
  • Further Reading 171
  • Part 5 - The Survey 179
  • 5.1 - Background to the Study 181
  • 5.2 - The Preparation and Planning 189
  • 5.3 - The Staff Questionnaire 194
  • 5.4 - Discussion of the Findings 206
  • 5.5 - Discussion 217
  • Further Reading 222
  • Postscript 227
  • Learning from Research 229
  • Glossary 233
  • References 250
  • Index 255
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