Doing Psychological Research: Gathering and Analysing Data

By Nicky Hayes | Go to book overview
List of tables
Table 1.1Four features of the positivist approach to science6
Table 2.1Specific sampling techniques19
Table 2.2Ethical guidelines for research with human beings29
Table 2.3Ethical guidelines for students carrying out psychological research29
Table 2.4Ethical guidelines for psychologists conducting research on animals31–2
Table 3.1Variables43
Table 3.2Control procedures47
Table 3.3Types of experiment4S
Table 4.1Observing children at play64
Table 4.2Coding animal behaviour64
Table 4.3Ethical decisions about covert research67
Table 5.1Types of information from questionnaires71
Table 5.2Stages of questionnaire design73
Table 5.3Identifying questionnaire aims73
Table 5.4Selecting types of questions75
Table 5.5Some problems of question writing80
Table 5.6Open or closed questions?S3
Table 6.1Steps in constructing a Likert scale94
Table 6.2Assumptions of attitude scales96
Table 6.3Nomothetic or idiographic?98
Table 6.4Ways of testing reliability99
Table 6.5Types of validity101
Table 6.6Scales and subscales of the Team Climate Inventory104
Table 6.7Types of standardisation106
Table 7.1Types of interview114
Table 7.2Types of speech register116
Table 7.3An open-structure interview schedule123
Table 7.4Stages of interview research127

-xi-

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Doing Psychological Research: Gathering and Analysing Data
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • List of Figures ix
  • List of Tables xi
  • List of Worked Examples xiii
  • List of Formulae xiv
  • Introduction xv
  • Acknowledgements xix
  • 1: Approaches to Psychological Research 1
  • Part I - Gathering Data 15
  • 2: Gathering Data for Psychological Research 17
  • 3: Experiments 35
  • 4: Observational Studies 55
  • 5: questionnaire Studies 70
  • 6: Psychometrics 91
  • 7: Interviews 113
  • 8: Case Studies and Ethnography 131
  • 9: Analysing Documents 147
  • Part II - Making Sense of Data 165
  • 10: Introducing Qualitative Analysis 167
  • 11: Grounded Approaches to Qualitative Research 183
  • 12: Conversations, Discourse and Images 201
  • 13: Protocol Analysis and Other Techniques 220
  • 14: Introducing Quantitative Analysis 239
  • 15: Numbers as Descriptive Statistics 257
  • 16: Descriptive Statistics in Visual Images 278
  • 17: Two-Sample Tests 303
  • 18: Correlation and Regression 331
  • 19: Analysis of Variance 349
  • Glossary 366
  • Statistical Tables 379
  • References 387
  • Index 392
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