Estonia: Identity and Independence

By Jean-Jacques Subrenat; David Cousins et al. | Go to book overview
Save to active project

Jaan Kaplinski, Jaan Kross, Paul-Eerik Rummo, Kalev Kesküla

Resistance, Scepticism and Homo Sovieticus
An exchange of opinions

Participants: Jaan Kaplinski, Jaan Kross, Paul-Eerik Rummo. The discussion is chaired by Kalev Kesküla.

Kesküla:Let's begin with the arrival of Soviet power in Estonia. Did Estonia, in 1944, have any chance of returning to the family of Western nations?

Kaplinski: In Europe, the military power of the Soviet Union was overwhelmingly great. I have read that as early as 1944, the Russians had, by way of Swedish mediation, offered to make a separate peace with Germany. Russian sources claim that they were interested in an armistice, since they did not trust their Western Allies. We do not, of course, know how sincere the offer was. Perhaps it was simply a way of applying pressure on the Allies. At any rate, the Western powers had to reckon with the likelihood of the Germans and the Russians arriving at an agreement, and that a second Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact would ensue. For that reason, they could not react with indifference to Soviet demands.

Rummo: Clearly, Estonia had no choice. If the Russians intended making a separate peace, the West would have been aware of such moves. In my opinion, they knew more or less everything that was going on.

Kross: As I see it, they knew laughably little. They still swear to high heaven that they had not known the true nature of Stalinism…

Rummo: They would prefer, in the eyes of history, to prove to have been fools rather than scoundrels.

Kross: I too think that Estonia had no choice. But the reality of the situation only became clear to us later. It had been thought that we were sold down the river at Yalta, when in fact this had already occurred with the Treaty of Teheran. There is trustworthy evidence that Roosevelt asked Stalin to keep quiet about their agreement i.e. the Baltic and other East European states


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Estonia: Identity and Independence
Table of contents

Table of contents



Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 310

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?