Globalization: People, Perspectives, and Progress

By William H. Mott IV | Go to book overview
Save to active project


In 1944, Karl Polanyi conceived his well-known double movement of orchestrated social forces creating and extending a liberal, market society and those seeking protection from the commodification of land, labor, and ideas.1 The expansion of self-regulating markets to global dimensions seemed to generate sharp, social countermovements to restrict the reach of globalization and government policies to mitigate its human and environmental costs. Polanyi probably realized that the double movement was not new but had been operating since people confronted the rational efficiency of liberal economics with the rational force of liberal politics. From the dawn of modernity, technology and conquest have expanded the political and economic relationships through which BaconU+027s idols operated the double movement. Often eclipsed by the power of liberty and the visibility of prosperity, the populist forces of culture, art, philosophy, faith, and ideology have also expanded their effects on people and their social arrangements. Beyond physical, technological capabilities, in some ontological sense, globalization may not only activate the double movement but be integral to it.

By the 1930s, modernization had created new liberal forces—populist and economic—that operated in global dimensions as carriers of globalization. The double movement had also created new forms of the state—the New Deal, the Third Reich, social democracy, socialism, or fascism—as populist and political barriers to control the apparently natural and universal forces of globalization. Within the global perspective, the lens of historicism resolves this double movement into a conjunctural dialectic. With the carriers on one side and the barriers that antiglobalism constructs in their path on the other, what balances the double movement in social transformation is the power of the people. Populism confronts globalization as both carrier and barrier. Whereas the carriers are identifiable as particular groups of people pursuing progress through various institutions, the barriers are more elusive in the forms of attitudes, movements, crusades, and campaigns. Moving largely in the global


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Globalization: People, Perspectives, and Progress


Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 406

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?