Music History during the Renaissance Period, 1520-1550: A Documented Chronology

By Blanche Gangwere | Go to book overview
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Sacred Latin and Vernacular Music in England

A. The Pre-Reformation Period in England from ca. 1521 to ca. 1547

1. The invasion of Lutheran ideas in England was under way by 1521 HarH, 465

a) Lutheranism had its groups of proponents at the universities and its martyrs to Henry's orthodoxy in matters of faith and ritual

(1) It was less radical than Wycliffism which had survived into the early sixteenth century

b) Lutheranism was strong, but its proponents and leaders of the English Reformation never took up Luther's explicit direction that choral music, along with the new congregational hymns, should be cultivated in the reformed churches and schools

(1) It was the influence of Calvinist ideas that resulted in the printing of the Psalms in English Metre "in 1547" and ensured that the congregational music of the English reformed church would follow the German model

(a) A facsimile of the 1541 edition of Psalms in English Metre SteP

(2) So, "from the point of view of the musical heritage, the closest analogy is with Lutheran practice, though the Anglican tradition was subsequently enriched by the adoption of a Calvinist style of psalmody" CalO, 271

c) But Lutheran opinions were repugnant to Henry VIII CalO, 267

(1) His policy was to preserve the outward forms and doctrinal essence of Catholicism as he saw it

2. The pre-Reformation period from 1534 to 1547 saw rapid changes in belief and in liturgy following the rise of Lutheranism and the limited reform under Henry VIII BenL, 6

a) The formal break between England and the papacy occurred in 1534 ReeMR, 781

(1) The Act of Supremacy was passed BaiR, 191

(a) This Act declared the King head of the Church of England which was called Anglicana Ecclesia

(b) As a result, England embraced a form of Catholicism without the Pope ReeMR, 781

i) This helped to create a liturgical impasse SteC, 16

(c) But things were not actually resolved until the Act of Uniformity

-295-

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