Modernization, Democracy, and Islam

By Shireen T. Hunter; Huma Malik | Go to book overview

7
Is Gender Inequality in Muslim Societies a Barrier to Modernization and Democratization?

Valentine M. Moghadam

Since the 1990s, studies have appeared suggesting that a distinctive pattern of values and behavior sets the Muslim world apart from, and sometimes in collision with, the West. These studies are based on culturalist arguments and emphasize the constraining impact of Islamic orthodoxy in the Muslim world's intellectual, technological, scientific, and economic progress.1 Others cite as principal culprits "petro Islam" and Islamist movements such as those in Afghanistan, Algeria, Egypt, Sudan, and elsewhere.2 Samuel Huntington, the best-known proponent of the culturalist explanation, has argued that modernization, interdependence, and democratization—instead of resulting in convergence and increased cooperation among nations—have resulted in a growing divergence that is likely to culminate in a clash of civilizations. He is particularly concerned that the demographic surge of the Islamic world, which he sees as a source of strength, is a threat to the West.3

Scholars have also argued that Muslim societies are the most resistant to gender equality, which, in turn, has slowed their progress. David and Richard Landes attribute the Muslim world's lagging behind the West to the "slow evolution of Islamic societies' treatment of women."? Ronald Inglehart and Pippa Norris believe that the cultural fault line dividing the West and the Islamic world relates to gender relations, the position of women, and attitudes toward sexuality. They maintain that on issues of gender and sexuality, "Muslim nations have remained the most traditional societies in the world." Thus, they assert that despite surveys showing that Muslims favor democracy, their lack of "commitment to gender equality and sexual liberalization" means that "democracy may not be sustainable in their societies."?

It is, of course, possible to challenge these perspectives, at least by pointing

-98-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Modernization, Democracy, and Islam
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 362

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.