Modernization, Democracy, and Islam

By Shireen T. Hunter; Huma Malik | Go to book overview

15
Malaysia's Path to Modernization and
Democratization

Osmart Bakar

On August 31, 2003, Malaysia celebrated forty-six years of political independence. A nation of 22 million, with Muslims forming slightly more than half the population, Malaysia is precariously multiethnic, multireligious, and multicultural. Yet it is unique among Muslim nations as a politically stable, modernized, and prosperous country enjoying relatively peaceful interethnic and interreligious relations. Malaysia's success in maintaining a Westminster-style parliamentary democracy, with only a yearlong interruption of the democratic process because of the May 13, 1969, racial riots in Kuala Lumpur, is equally remarkable. The election of five prime ministers in fifty years, through democratic means, testifies to Malaysia's political stability.

Internationally, Malaysia is known for its independent foreign policy and its leadership in regional and multilateral organizations, including the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC), and the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM).

This chapter analyzes the major factors that have contributed to Malaysia's success and the remaining obstacles to further progress.


MALAYSIA'S MODERNIZATION: ENABLING FACTORS

Modernization and democratization, although distinct, are interrelated societal phenomena. Modernization can take place without democratization, but democratization requires a degree of modernization. Malaysia had embarked on the process of modernization and on the introduction of parliamentary democracy before independence. But later, democracy accelerated the pace of Malaysia's modernization.

Malaysia's modernization has encompassed all sectors of national life, in

-235-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Modernization, Democracy, and Islam
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 362

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.