See Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) (1967–Kan; 1973–94: Solzhenitsyn; 1981: Kholodkovsky).
Among the most sensitive areas of French history were World War II and the colonial and mandate policies in North Africa (Algeria in particular) and the Middle East. A relatively high incidence of cases was settled in court.
|pre-1945||Among the historians and others concerned with the past who were censored or persecuted during World War II were Fernand Braudel (1902–85), Henri Brunschwig (1904–), Claude Cahen (1909–91), Jacques Godechot (1907–89), Maurice Halbwachs (1877–1945), Louis Henry (1911–91), Georges Lefebvre (1874–59), and Gaston Maspero (1883–1945).|
|1945–9||Among the historians dismissed for their collaboration with the Nazis was Michel Lhéritier. He had been appointed a lecturer at the Sorbonne without the consent of the staff during World War II. After a period of unemployment, he became professor at the University of Aix-en-Provence in 1949. He was not reinstated in his position of secretary-general of the International Committee of Historical Sciences (1926–45).|
|1947||Maxime Rodinson (1915–), an orientalist specializing in Semitic languages and early Islamic history working at the (Free) French antiquities service for Lebanon and Syria (1940–47), reported that he was "practically expelled" from Lebanon and Syria by the French|