Racial Issues in Criminal Justice: The Case of African Americans

By Marvin D. Free Jr. | Go to book overview

CHAPTER 2
Marginalization and Racial
Stratification in the Academic
Discipline of Criminal Justice

Robert Engvall


INTRODUCTION

That the criminal justice system plays a significant role in the lives of African Americans and that African Americans are disproportionately impacted by that system is amply documented. This chapter also addresses this impact but does so by focusing upon whether academia has played a role in the continued diminishment of individuals and the continued marginalization of groups of persons. Also examined is the place of the criminal justice discipline within the larger academy and the status of African Americans within this discipline. The invisibility of certain groups, traditionally those of minority status, from positions of power within society has done much to shape justice policy. Such invisibility can transcend traditionally considered avenues of power and can be traced to assumptions made within the academy as well.

This chapter, then, is organized into three fairly distinct parts: an examination of the marginalization of African Americans within society and within the discipline of criminal justice, an examination of the marginalization of criminal justice as a discipline more generally, and finally, a conclusion that ties these concepts together.


RACIAL STRATIFICATION WITHIN THE
CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM AND ACADEME

Racism. The fear of otherness is an unattractive but constant human
trait, and one that we social meliorists like to say education and peace

-21-

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