The Prague Spring 1968: A National Security Archive Documents Reader

By JaromÍr NavrÁtil | Go to book overview

DOCUMENT No. 84: Reports on Warsaw Pact Military
Communications Exercises and Marshal Grechko's Inspection Tours,
August 9–16,1968

Sources: Various Czechoslovak, Soviet, and Polish newspapers (noted after each dispatch).

The joint "Horizon "("Gorizont") military communications exercises began on August 11, a day after
the "Nemen "logistic maneuvers were completed. General Sergei Shtemenko, who only a week earlier (on
5 August) had been appointed chief of staff of the Warsaw Pact's Joint Command (replacing General Mikhail
Kazakov) commanded the "Horizon "exercises, which included units from the Soviet Union, East Germany,
and Poland. In addition, the Hungarian armed forces began bilateral maneuvers with the USSR's Southern
Group of Forces on August 15the first time since the crisis began that joint exercises with Soviet troops
were conducted on Hungarian territory. The two sets of maneuvers, which continued until the very start
of the invasion, enabled Shtemenko to establish and smooth out the complicated command, control, &
communications (C3) arrangements necessitated by Operation Danube's multinational invasion force.

As the news dispatches record, the "Horizon" and Soviet-Hungarian exercises were accompanied by
a flurry of high-level military contacts between the Soviet Union and its allies. In the ten days before the
invasion, Soviet Defense Minister Grechko traveled to each of the sites that would be crucial in
coordinating the military operation: Minsk, the GDR, and Poland. After completing his inspection tours,
Grechko returned to Moscow late on the 16th to take part in the decisive three-day meeting of the Soviet
Politburo, where the final decision to invade was approved. The Politburo, at Grechko's suggestion, also
decided to transfer all responsibilities from Marshal Yakubovskii and the Warsaw Pact's Joint Command
directly to the Soviet High Command. Under the new arrangements, Army-General Ivan Pavlovskii, the
commander-in-chief of Soviet Ground Forces, was designated the supreme commander of the whole
invasion, accountable directly to the Politburo's representative on the scene, Kirill Mazurov.


"At the Concluding Stage"

…. It is already possible to say with confidence that the aims set for the extended large-scale logistic exercises were achieved. Many important problems that had arisen regarding the rear services of the Armed Forces in connection with changes in the nature, means, and forms of modern combat were studied and resolved in practice.

The exercises once again confirmed that the rear services of the Armed Forces are able to perform any tasks demanded by the communist party and the Soviet government.

Today the USSR Defense Minister, Marshal of the Soviet Union A. A. Grechko, arrived in the region where the exercises were conducted. The minister paid close heed to a briefing given by the commander of the exercises, Army-General S. S. Maryakhin. He also carefully studied the operational-tactical situation and circumstances of the forces, units, and logistical entities, and transmitted a series of instructions….

Source: "Na zavershayushchem etape," Krasnaya zvezda (Moscow), 10 August 1968, p. 2.


"Meeting of Defense Ministers"

Berlin—The USSR Defense Minister, Marshal A. A. Grechko, who was visiting a formation of Soviet troops in the German Democratic Republic, met the GDR Defense Minister, ArmyGeneral Heinz Hoffmann on Wednesday. They exchanged views on general political matters and cooperation between the fraternal armies. They also exchanged experiences in combat training and political education and discussed the further improvement of cooperation among the leading organs of the troops in the continuing communications exercises.

-363-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Prague Spring 1968: A National Security Archive Documents Reader
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 596

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.