ablauting in a conjugated verb form, any vowel change that alternates
active voice a verb construction appearing in a clause whose actor is also the grammatical subject
actor the entity (usually human) that performs an action verb's action
adjective a word that describes, modifies, limits, distinguishes, or otherwise characterizes the noun it forms part of a noun phrase with or—if predicate—refers back to
adverb a word that describes, modifies, limits, distinguishes, or otherwise tells us something about a verb
agent phrase in a passive voice construction, the prepositional phrase that begins with by and contains the clause's actor
agentless passive a passive voice construction that lacks the agent phrase
allomorph the actual unit of meaning itself (see morpheme)
allophones articulatorally/acoustically related phones that do not change the meaning of a word when they are substituted for one another
article part of the determiner category, an article is either definite (the, marking old information) or indefinite (a[n], some, marking new information)
attributive adjective an adjective that appears in the same noun phrase as the noun it modifies
auxiliary inversion the process by which an auxiliary gets placed before its subject
auxiliary verb the less semantically rich part of the verb phrase (see lexical verb); the verb phrase word(s) limited in function to marking person, number, tense, voice, etc.
bound morpheme a morpheme that must be attached to a free morpheme to convey meaning
case the different functions that a form can perform, along with the formal differences as these are determined by function; English cases are subject, object (whether direct or indirect), and genitive/possessive
clausal adjective complement a subordinate clause that corefers to an immediately antecedent adjective in a compound subordinate sentence, explaining that adjective or defining it, describing it, etc.
clausal adverb complement a subordinate clause that answers an adverbial question such as When? or Where? and thereby functions as an adverbial element in the compound subordinate sentence
clausal complementation process and product whereby an entire clause complements another clause by adding information to it
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Publication information: Book title: Analyzing the Grammar of English. Edition: 3rd. Contributors: Richard V. Teschner - Author, Eston E. Evans - Author. Publisher: Georgetown University Press. Place of publication: Washington, DC. Publication year: 2007. Page number: 219.
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