1. American Association of Pastoral Counselors, petition, presented to Hillary Rodham Clinton on behalf of heath care reform, American Association of Pastoral Counselors Conference, 1993, cited in Laura Delaplain, Cutting a New Path: Helping Survivors of Childhood Domestic Trauma (Cleveland: United Church Press, 1997), xv.
2. Judith Lewis Herman, Trauma and Recovery (New York: Basic Books, 1992), 61.
3. Dean G. Kilpatrick, Christine N. Edmunds, and Anne Seymour, Rape in America: A Report to the Nation (Arlington, Va.: National Victim Center, 1992), i.
4. Division of Adolescent and School Health, Youth Risk Rehavior Surveillance: National College Health Risk Rehavior Survey - United States (Washington, D.C.: National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, 1995).
5. Kilpatrick et al., Rape in America, 3.
6. Gail E. Wyatt, 'The Sociocultural Context of African American and White American Women's Rape,] Journal of Social Issues 48 (Spring 1992): 80.
7. Kilpatrick et al., Rape in America, 6,14.
8. Patricia Tjaden and Nancy Thoennes, Full Report of the Prevalence, Incidence, and Consequences of Violence against Women: Findings from the National Violence against Women Survey (Washington, D.C.: National Institute of Justice, 2000), 4. The literature makes a clear distinction between sexual assault against a child and the violent use of sex against adults.
9. Patricia Searles and Ronald J. Berger, [The Current Status of Rape Reform Legislation: An Examination of State Statutes,] Women's Rights Law Reporter 10 (1987): 41.