BORN: May 7, 1892, Glencoe, Illinois
DIED: April 20, 1982, Boston, Massachusetts
IDENTIFICATION: Twentieth-century American poet, playwright, essayist, teacher, and public servant.
Archibald MacLeish emerged as a major American poet in the 1920s and 1930s and went on to publish more than forty books in his long literary life. His unique contribution to poetry was recognized after he won a Pulitzer Prize in Poetry for Conquistador (1932) and published Poems, 1924–1933 (1933). He is perhaps most significant for combining a literary career with a lifetime in public service. He played important roles in government, serving as an administrator, spokesman, and diplomat, as well as in education, teaching at Harvard University for almost fifteen years.