Lord Jesus Christ: Devotion to Jesus in Earliest Christianity

By Larry W. Hurtado | Go to book overview
Save to active project

CHAPTER TWO
Early Pauline Christianity

Where to Begin?

In any study of earliest Christ-devotion the letters of Paul certainly must loom large, for these invaluable writings reflect an intense religious devotion to Jesus at a remarkably early point in the emergence of the Christian movement. But some readers will perhaps wonder why I commence here with a chapter on Paul, and then turn to an analysis of early Jewish Christianity in Roman Judea (Palestine). In strict chronological order there were, of course, Christians before the apostle Paul, as we learn from Paul himself. In his letter to Rome, for example, Paul sends greetings to Andronicus and Junia, two members of the Roman church who were fellow Jews and who "were in Christ before me" (Rom. 16:7), and in his letter to the Galatians Paul refers to "those who were apostles before me" in the Jerusalem church (Gal. 1:17).1 By all accounts the first groups in the emergent Christian movement were made up of Jewish adherents

1. The variant reading Ioulian, though attested early (P46), is now widely thought to be a
later corruption of an original Iounian, who is often thought by commentators to be linked with
Andronicus as sister or wife. Paul's reference to them as syngeneis could connote their being his
relatives or members of the same nationality, as in Rom. 9:3 where Paul refers to the Jewish peo-
ple as "my kindred according to the flesh" (see, e.g., MM, 595). There is also a variation among
manuscripts in Rom. 16:15, where Ioulian is likely original and Iounian a later variant. Commen-
tators offer various suggestions about how these two pre-Paul Christians came to be in the Ro-
man church. Their names may indicate that they were diaspora Jews who came into contact with
the Christian gospel during a pilgrimage to Jerusalem for one of the Jewish festivals (e.g., Pass-
over); or conversely they could be Palestinian Jewish Christians who moved to Rome for some
reason. All of the figures named by Paul in Rom.16 are likely leaders and respected figures among
Roman Christians. On Rom. 16 as an authentic part of Paul's letter to Rome, see esp. Harry Gam-
ble, Jr., The Textual History of the Letter to the Romans, SD 42 (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1977).

-79-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Lord Jesus Christ: Devotion to Jesus in Earliest Christianity
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 746

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?