Neo-Confederacy: A Critical Introduction

By Euan Hague; Edward H. Sebesta et al. | Go to book overview
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Introduction: Neo-Confederacy and the New Dixie Manifesto
EUAN HAGUE, EDWARD H. SEBESTA, AND HEIDI BEIRICH
Neo-Confederacy
Contemporary neo-Confederacy made its first mainstream appearance on 29 October 1995 when the Washington Post published the "New Dixie Manifesto."1 The authors were Thomas Fleming and Michael Hill, two of twentyseven people who had founded a new nationalist organization, the Southern League (later renamed League of the South), on 25 June 1994 in Tuscaloosa, Alabama.2 Identified by the Southern Poverty Law Center's (sPlc) Mark Potok as the "ideological core" of neo-Confederacy,3 the League of the South (ls) advocates secession from the United States and the establishment of an independent Confederation of Southern States (css).4 The css would contain fifteen states—four states more than seceded to form the Confederate States of America (csa), which led to the Civil War (1861–65), the additional states being Oklahoma, Missouri, Kentucky, and Maryland.5The New Dixie Manifesto was a clarion call to arms in which Hill and Fleming described themselves as representing "a new group of Southerners calling for nothing more revolutionary than home rule for the states established by the U.S. Constitution." Comparing "American Southerners" to, amongst others, Scots and Ukrainians, the manifesto charged that the United States had treated "American Southerners" with "exploitation and contempt," and that a "renewed South" was both necessary and achievable. Among its specific points, the manifesto espoused the following:
home rule for "Southerners"
states' rights and devolved political power
local control over schooling, in opposition to federal desegregation decrees
removal of federal funding and initiatives from Southern states

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