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Spanish-English Contrasts: A Course in Spanish Linguistics

By M. Stanley Whitley | Go to book overview

Appendix 1
English/Spanish glossary of
linguistic terminology

The following glossary is offered in order to facilitate class discussion of the material in Spanish. Although it is not exhaustive, it covers the major linguistic terms used in this book. While the author has verified all the Spanish terms in native writings, some might prefer a different equivalent in some cases. For names of verb categories (tenses, moods, forms), see chapter 6 (figure 6.1).

Gender of nouns can be assumed to be masculine if ending in -n, -o, -r, -s, -e, -l and feminine if ending in -a, -d, or -ción/sión, unless otherwise indicated by (M) or (F). Adjectives used as nouns—(los) adverbiales for 'adverbials'—are usually masculine except for phonetic labels, which tend to be feminine as nouns: las fricativas, una vocal alta.

absolute (gerund): (gerundio) absoluto

absorption (of yod): absorción (de yod)

accent: acento; acentuar; accented: acentuado, tónico; accent mark: acento ortográfico, tilde (F)

acquire (a language): adquirir (ie), aprender; acquisition: adquisición, aprendizaje

address: tratamiento; tratar; addressee: interlocutor

adjective: adjetivo; adjective phrase: frase adjetival (F), sintagma adjetival (M)

adverb: adverbio; adverbial: adverbial; adverbial phrase: frase adverbial (F), sintagma adverbial (M), complemento circunstancial

affix: afijo

affricate: africado

agree: concordar (ue); agreement: concordancia

allomorph: alomorfo

allophone: alófono

alternate (V): alternar; alternation: alternancia

alveolar: alveolar; alveopalatal: alveopalatal; alveolar ridge: alvéolos

antecedent: antecedente

antonym: antónimo

apex: ápice, punta (de la lengua)

apocope: apócope (F); apocopate: apocopar

appositive: apositivo

argot: lenguaje profesional, jerga

article: artículo

articulate: articular; articulation, articulación; articulatory: articulatorio; manner/place of articulation: modo/punto de articulación

-358-

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