The Jews of Bohemia and Moravia: Facing the Holocaust

By Livia Rothkirchen | Go to book overview
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1. For an illustrated volume on Jewish monuments in Czechoslovakia see Salomon H. Lieben, ed., Die jüdischen Denkmäler in der Tschechoslowakei; Hana Volavková, Zmizelá Praha (Prague, 1947); Hana Volavková, ed., Jewish Monuments in Bohemia and Moravia (Prague, 1952); J. Lion and L. Lukas, Das Prager Ghetto (Prague, 1959); Jiří Fiedler, Jewish Sights of Bohemia and Moravia (Prague, 1991).

2. In her short story “The Lifted Veil” (1859) George Eliot refers to her visit to Prague, which in fact spurred the initial change in her attitude toward Judaism. See Edward Alexander, “George Eliot's Rabbi,” in Commentary 92 (July 1991), p. 29.

3. Zdenka Münzer, “The Old-New Synagogue in Prague: Its Architectural History,” in The Jews of Czechoslovakia: Historical Studies and Surveys, vol. 2, pp. 520–46; the three-volume work (Philadelphia, 1968, 1971, 1984) is hereafter cited as Jews of CS with volume and page numbers. See also Milada Vilimková, “Seven Hundred Years of the Old-New Synagogue,” in Judaica Bohemiae 1 (1969), pp. 72–83 (hereafter cited as JB); Alexander Putík, “The Origins and Symbols of the Prague Jewish Town,” in JB 30–31 (1994–95), pp. 7–46.

4. See Herzl, The Diaries of Theodor Herzl, entry for August 30, 1899.

5. František Bílek (1872—1941), the foremost representative of the symbolistic trend of his generation. The sculpture was hidden by caring persons during the Nazi occupation. See Ctibor Rybár, Židovská Praha (Prague, 1991), p. 330.

6. Ladislav Šaloun (1870–1946), foremost representative of secessive sculpting. His most famous sculpture is that of Master Jan Hus, at the Old Town Square. See Rybár, Židovská Praha; Ladislaus Šaloun, “Das Denkmal des Hohen Rabbi Loew am Prager Neuen Rathause,” interview in Das jüdische Prag: Eine Sammelschrift (Prague, 1917; 2nd ed. with introduction by Robert Weltsch, Kronberg, 1978), p. 40; J. B. Čapek, “Velký rabbi pražský,” in Kostnické jiskry 14, no. 30 (20.10.1960).

7. Oskar Donath, Židé a židovství v české literatuře 19. a 20. století, 2 vols. (Brno, 1923–30); Pavel Eisner, “Jews in the Literature of the Czech Lands,” in Jewish Studies, ed. Rudolf Iltis (Prague, 1955), p. 51; see Livie Rothkirchenová, “Exil a návrat; historické analogie v českém a hebrejském pisemnictví,” in Pocta 650. výročí založení Univerzity Karlovy v Praze (Prague, 1998), pp. 163–73.

8. See Roman Jakobson, “Reč a písemnictví českých Židů v dobé premyslovské,” in Židovská ročenka (hereafter ŽR), 1992–93

9. A collection of religious hymns, prayers and missals including the famous Hussite song “Ye Who Are God's Warriors”—discovered in South Bohemia in 1872, in the parish of Jistebnice. First to announce the sensational find of the student Lepold Katz publicly was his gymnasium teacher Martin Kolář, in an article entitled “Hussite Songs, Discovered


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