Health Issues among Incarcerated Women

By Ronald L. Braithwaite; Kimberly Jacob Arriola et al. | Go to book overview
Save to active project

7
Anxiety Disorders and
Major Thought Disorders

CASSANDRA F. NEWKIRK

Anxiety is often experienced as a normal emotion of everyday life because as Kaplan and Sadock (2002) state, anxiety is an alerting signal warning of impending danger that serves as an adaptive function to allow one to get out of harm's way. Pathological anxiety exists when the response to a situation is inappropriate in intensity and duration. Kaplan and Sadock describe anxiety as an awareness of physiological sensations such as palpitations, sweating, and awareness of being nervous. The anxiety causes cognitive changes such that a person has difficulty thinking and learning new information because of a sense of confusion.

The American Psychiatric Association Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (2000) lists the following anxiety disorders: panic disorder, with and without agoraphobia, agoraphobia, specific phobia, social phobia, obsessivecompulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, acute stress disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, substance-induced anxiety disorder, anxiety disorder secondary to a medical condition and anxiety disorder not otherwise specified. Anxiety disorders may be difficult to distinguish from other major mental disorders, as anxiety can be associated with several diagnostic categories such as schizophrenia and depression. Anxiety may also be induced by medical conditions such as certain inflammatory diseases, or it may be an adverse reaction to medications.

Several surveys have estimated the prevalence of anxiety disorders in the population, and women are affected by them more than men. The National Institute of Mental Health's Epidemiologic Catchment Area study showed that anxiety disorders had the highest overall prevalence rate among the mental disorders with a lifetime prevalence of 14.6 percent (Mendlowicz and Stein 2000). The National Comorbidity Study showed that women have a lifetime prevalence rate of 30.5 percent compared to 19.2 percent for men (Kaplan and Sadock 2002). Esti

-112-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Health Issues among Incarcerated Women
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 356

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?