VERBS IN GENERAL,
PERFECT CONJUGATION OF THE VERB,
PERFECT CONJUGATION IN THE QAL STEM
12A VERBS IN GENERAL
|1. ||Verb roots|
Most verbs have three basic consonants; for example, the verb (“he ruled”) is
triconsonantal. The three consonants of a verb, written without vowels, comprise the
verb&s root. Thereby, is the root for . The various forms of a verb are
created by inflections or changes made to its root, such as the addition of certain
vowels, prefixes, or suffixes; or the doubling of the middle consonant of the root.
|2. ||Strong and weak verbs|
Verbs are classified as strong (or regular) and weak. Strong verbs follow a fixed,
regular pattern for the inflection of a triconsonantal verb root. Weak verbs follow
irregular patterns of inflection and sometimes require the dropping of a consonant
from a verb root. A weak verb is identified by the appearance of a weak consonant
(, or [see Lesson 6C]) or a doubled consonant in a verb root. This
Grammar will present the strong verb first.
|3. ||Moods and tenses|
|a. ||Hebrew verbs appear in the indicative and imperative moods, which function in
the same manner as they do in English. The indicative mood is declarative
(making a statement), while the imperative expresses a command. Hebrew has no
distinct subjunctive mood (expressing non-reality), as does English. Subjunctive
notions are usually expressed by the context in which a Hebrew verb appears.1
Indicative and imperative verbs are also called finite (“limited”) verbs because
they are limited to particular persons, genders, and numbers.|
1 Horsnell, 306.
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Learning to Read Biblical Hebrew: An Introductory Grammar.
Contributors: Robert Ray Ellis - Author.
Publisher: Baylor University Press.
Place of publication: Waco, TX.
Publication year: 2006.
Page number: 112.
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